Two Point Perspective

How do you draw a two point perspective? In this lesson Dutch illustrator and animator Stefan (Stayf) de Groot explains the basics of drawing in this perspective.
I show you this illustration I made, because this is drawn with a two-point perspective.

This illustration has two vanishing points. I first draw two lines from the desk Anton Mole is sitting behind. One on top of the desk and one line below. Where the lines intersect, you’ll find the first vanishing point. And now we’re going to find the second vanishing point. I use the side as the desk as reference and when I draw a straight line in the same direction on the top and bottom of the desk you will see second vanishing point. The bookcase in the back is drawn with the second vanishing point. I use the vanishing point to draw all the perspective guides. So this is vanishing point 2. And through the two vanishing points you will find the horizon line. Fortunately I saved the sketch of this illustration, it is around twenty years old! It was in the time I had no computer and drew everything on paper. You see the two vanishing points and all the guides I used two draw this illustration.

It is an illustration for the eBook called ‘An Incredible Tale’ in the series The Incredible Tales of Prof. Dr Anton Mole’
If you have an iPad or Mac with iBooks you can download the eBook for free!

In this lesson I will explain how a two point perspective works. Now we are going to learn the basics of drawing a 2 point perspective. The only thing you need is a pencil, paper and a ruler. We are going to draw a cube in a two point perspective.
First we draw the horizon on 10 cm or 3.9 inches from the top of the paper. Align your ruler on the left upper corner of the paper and draw a little line. Repeat the same thing on the right side of the paper. Now align your ruler to the two lines and draw your horizon. Now you have a horizon that is parallel to your paper. On the left of the horizon I am drawing the first vanishing point and to the right I draw the second vanishing point.
Grab your ruler and draw in the perspective guides from vanishing point number one. Just draw in several lines so you get the feel of the perspective. Now repeat the same thing with vanishing point number two! Draw in the perspective lines and you already see what the perspective looks and feels like. I am not going to use all the lines, but it gives you a good indication of where you want to draw your object.

Below the horizon we are going to draw a cube. First draw the front of the cube with a vertical line. Now draw the right side of the cube. You already see the direction the line is going. Draw a vertical line up and then draw the top of the cube. Now we are going to draw the left side of the cube by using vanishing point 1.
What really helps is to draw point on all the corners so you know how to bind the points to your vanishing point.
Align you ruler to the vanishing point and align it to the left upper corner. Do the same for the left lower corner. So the left side of the cube you align with vanishing point two and the right corner of your cube you align with vanishing point one. Now we are drawing the top of the cube. Align the right upper corner with the vanishing point.

the left side of the cube you align with the left vanishing point and the right side of your cube you align with the right vanishing point

Now draw the backside of of the cube up. Draw a point on the top and align this point to vanishing point 2. Now you see where the right backside of your cube is. I draw a point on that corner as well. And draw a vertical line downwards. In that way you will find the backside of your cube. I draw in the line with a dotted line to indicate that this is a transparent cube. I draw point on the corners and align it to vanishing point two.
I am drawing a cube, because this is one of the basic shapes you can draw a lots of things with. When you master to draw a cube in perspective it will help you to draw other things in perspective as well. Everything has a perspective. I make the right side a little darker to make the cube more dynamic. And this is the way to draw a cube in a two point perspective.

I took a picture of these stairs and they are also in a two-point perspective. This is a very simple object and great to practice something other than a cube. If you take a good look at it the basic shape of these stairs are cubes as well. More rectangle ones but cubes nonetheless. Watch the video and learn how to draw these stairs in a two-point perspective.

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